Web Development 101: What is Web Development?
Just to be clear: anyone can create a website. All you have to do is have a basic understanding of HTML and you’re good to go.
However, if you want a more professional website, it is best done by a true web developer that has all the education and skills necessary for the job.
So, you start to search for a good web developer and you often find the term “web development” being used so profusely. What is web development, exactly?
Web Development in a Nutshell
Web development, in essence, just refers to the entire process of creating and developing websites or webpages. It is through the use of different programming languages that a web developer can create and host the website on the internet.
All of the websites and even web applications that you see today were all created by web developers. So, we have to thank them a lot since their job is far from easy.
There are three parts to web development that you need to be aware of: Client-side Coding, Server-side Coding, and Database Technology.
This pertains to anything that can be seen by the “client” or a site visitor. The font, the color scheme, and even the animations (if any) are all part of the “client-side” and are implemented with the use of different scripts.
Without getting too technical, when a person does something on a webpage such as clicking on a link or signing in, a server-side script would be necessary to complete the action. Such scripts will communicate with the web server and the server, in turn, will provide the document that was requested from the client-side.
This is mainly the concern of the back-end developer and they use programming languages such as Java, Perl, Python, Ruby on Rails, and ASP.net.
Okay, now that you know what the front-end (client-side) and back-end (server-side) processes are, it is now time to tackle the database.
As the name implies, the database is just a repository of files that are needed by the website to work. Any website makes use of some sort of a relational database management system or RDBMS.
Some of the leading RDBMS are Microsoft SQL server, Apache, and IBM. Of course, there are also some open-source alternatives such as MySQL, MariaDB, and more.
So essentially, the database is hosted on a web server and every time a file is requested, the RDBMS will employ measures to extract what is needed and present it back to the client side. So you see, everything works in unison which is why these three elements should work in tandem without a hitch.